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Alan Turing

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## Answer

### Alan Turing: Life and Contributions

Alan Turing was a brilliant British mathematician, logician, and cryptanalyst, born on June 23, 1912, in London, England1

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#### Education and Early Career

Turing was educated at a top private school and entered the University of Cambridge to study mathematics in 19311

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#### World War II and Enigma Code

During World War II, Turing worked at Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire, where top-secret work was carried out to decipher the military codes used by Germany and its allies3

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#### Turing Machine and Church-Turing Thesis

In the course of his work on the Entscheidungsproblem, Turing invented the universal Turing machine, an abstract computing machine that encapsulates the fundamental logical principles of the digital computer1

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#### Turing Test

The Turing Test, originally called the imitation game by Alan Turing in 1950, is a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human5

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#### Personal Life and Death

Turing was arrested in 1952 for his homosexual relationship with a young Manchester man, which was illegal at the time6

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#### Legacy

Alan Turing's work has left a lasting impact on various fields, including computer science, artificial intelligence, and cryptography10

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## Related

What was Alan Turing's contribution to the field of cryptography

What was the Turing Test and how did it contribute to the development of artificial intelligence

What was the impact of Alan Turing's work on modern computing