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State of the art Supercomputers

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Supercomputers are high-performance computing systems that are designed to perform complex calculations and simulations at very high speeds. They are used in a wide range of scientific and engineering applications, including weather forecasting, climate modeling, molecular modeling, and astrophysics. Here are some examples of state-of-the-art supercomputers:
  1. Fugaku: This is currently the world's fastest supercomputer, developed by Fujitsu and RIKEN in Japan. It has a peak performance of 1 exaflops (one quintillion floating-point operations per second) and is being used for a wide range of applications, including drug discovery, climate modeling, and disaster prevention.
  2. Summit: This supercomputer is located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, USA, and is currently the second-fastest supercomputer in the world. It has a peak performance of 200 petaflops (200 quadrillion floating-point operations per second) and is being used for a wide range of applications, including materials science, astrophysics, and cancer research.
  3. Sierra: This supercomputer is located at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California, USA, and is currently the third-fastest supercomputer in the world. It has a peak performance of 125 petaflops and is being used for a wide range of applications, including nuclear weapons simulations, materials science, and astrophysics.
  4. Biowulf: This supercomputer is located at the National Institutes of Health in Maryland, USA, and is being used for a wide range of biomedical research applications, including genomics, proteomics, and imaging.
  5. MareNostrum: This supercomputer is located at the Barcelona Supercomputing Center in Spain and is being used for a wide range of applications, including climate modeling, astrophysics, and computational fluid dynamics.
These supercomputers are constantly being upgraded and improved, and new systems are being developed all the time. The next generation of supercomputers, known as exascale supercomputers, are expected to be capable of performing one exaflops or more, and are expected to be used for a wide range of applications, including drug discovery, climate modeling, and materials science
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