What do crocodiles eat?

Crocodiles are opportunistic predators with a varied diet. Based on the search results, here's what crocodiles typically eat:

Diet Overview

  • Crocodiles are obligate carnivores that primarily eat the flesh of other animals1.
  • Their diet includes insects, fish, amphibians (frogs, toads), reptiles (lizards, snakes), crustaceans, mollusks, birds, and small to large mammals125.
  • They are not picky eaters and will eat almost anything they can overpower, including carrion and other crocodiles (cannibalism)125.
  • Their diet varies based on the species, size, age, and availability of prey in their habitat15.

Prey by Life Stage

  • Hatchlings and young crocodiles mainly eat small aquatic invertebrates like insects, snails, shrimp, and small fish15.
  • Juveniles consume a variety of freshwater and saltwater fish, amphibians, crustaceans, mollusks, small reptiles, birds, and small mammals1.
  • Adults, especially large species like saltwater crocodiles, can take down large prey like wild boar, deer, buffalo, cattle, primates, and even humans124.

Feeding Habits

  • Crocodiles are known to be scavengers that will eat carrion and steal food from other predators1.
  • Some evidence suggests they may occasionally consume fruits based on seeds found in their stools1.
  • They have extremely acidic stomachs that allow them to digest bones, horns, and shells, which may act as gastroliths (stomach stones) to aid digestion14.
  • Large adults can go up to 12 months without eating due to their slow metabolisms4.
In summary, crocodiles are versatile predators that will consume a wide range of prey, from insects to large mammals, depending on their size and the availability of food in their environment1245.
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