What do lions eat?

Lions are carnivorous predators that primarily feed on large mammals. Based on the search results, here are the key points about a lion's diet:

What Lions Eat

  • Lions are obligate carnivores, meaning they require a diet consisting mainly of meat to survive. Over 70% of their diet is meat, closer to 100% for these big cats1
  • Common prey animals for lions include:
    • Ungulates (hoofed mammals) like buffalo, zebras, antelopes, wildebeests, etc. 125
    • Warthogs12
    • Juvenile elephants and rhinos125
    • Giraffes15
    • Hippos, crocodiles, wild hogs, wild dogs1
  • Lions hunt cooperatively and use ambush tactics to catch their prey2
    The lionesses do most of the hunting2.
  • Lions do not chew their food. They use their large jaws, long canine teeth to kill prey, and sharp carnassial teeth to tear the meat into chunks to swallow1
  • An adult male lion can eat up to 40kg (88 lbs) of meat in one sitting, about 15% of its body weight2

Eating Habits

  • Lions typically hunt every 3-4 days depending on the size of their previous kill1
  • They eat almost every part of their prey except for the teeth, horns and large bones
  • Lions scavenge and steal kills from other predators like leopards, cheetahs, hyenas if they can overpower them1.
  • In captivity, lions can live longer (up to 25 years) as they are provided meat that is easy to consume when they lose their teeth with age2.
So in summary, lions are apex predators that hunt and consume a variety of large mammals, primarily ungulates, through cooperative hunting techniques within their prides12
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