What do narwhal eat?

Narwhals are carnivorous marine mammals that primarily feed on a variety of fish, squid, and crustaceans found in the Arctic waters they inhabit. Based on the information provided in the search results, their typical diet includes:


  • Greenland halibut1234
  • Arctic cod123
  • Polar cod123
  • Capelin3
  • Wolffish3


  • Squid123
  • Gonatus squid (a type of squid) 2
  • Cuttlefish3


Narwhals have small mouths and throats, so they swallow their prey whole without chewing5. Their diet varies seasonally, with intense feeding periods in the winter when they consume around 66 pounds (30 kg) of food per day4. During the ice-free summer months, their feeding is reduced2. It's important to note that narwhals are apex predators in the Arctic marine ecosystem, playing a crucial role in regulating the populations of their prey species3. Their diet and feeding habits can also be influenced by factors like location, prey availability, and environmental changes such as melting sea ice5.
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