What to tigers eat?

Tigers are apex predators and primarily carnivorous animals. Their diet consists mainly of large prey animals such as ungulates (hoofed mammals) like deer, wild boar, and occasionally larger animals like buffalo, elephant calves, and rhinoceros calves. Here are the key points about a tiger's diet and eating habits:

Prey Animals

  • Tigers prey on a variety of animals ranging from small prey like termites to large ungulates like deer, wild boar, moose, pigs, cows, horses, and buffalos.123
  • They occasionally consume tapirs, elephant calves, rhinoceros calves, bear species, leopards, and Asiatic wild dogs.2
  • Tigers hunt about once a week and can consume up to 75 pounds (34 kg) of meat in one night.3

Hunting Techniques

  • Tigers are ambush predators that rely on stealth and strength to take down prey.3
  • They cautiously stalk their prey from the rear, attempting to get as close as possible before pouncing.2
  • Tigers use their powerful bite to the neck or throat to kill their prey.13
  • They may also disable larger prey by biting the back of the hock to sever the tendon.1

Supplementary Diet

  • In addition to meat, tigers occasionally consume vegetation, fruit, and minerals for dietary fiber and nutrients.15
  • Eating grass helps tigers cough up small bones and fur balls, facilitating digestion and relieving abdominal discomfort.5
In captivity, tigers are typically fed ground beef or other meat sources like chicken, beef, goat, horse, camel, donkey, water buffalo, rabbit, and kangaroo, ideally with bones and hide included for nutritional value.4 1235
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