$17 billion Collider approved

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Europe is advancing with plans to construct a new particle collider, the Future Circular Collider (FCC), which is proposed to be a 91-kilometer-long supercollider located underneath France and Switzerland. The cost for the tunnel, infrastructure, and the first stage of the collider is estimated to be about 15 billion Swiss Francs, which is equivalent to approximately $17 billion1234568. The FCC is intended to be a successor to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and would be more than three times its length. The project is still in the planning phase, with a feasibility study expected to be finalized by 2025. CERN's member states, including the UK and Israel, will decide in 2028 whether to proceed with the project. If approved, construction could begin in 20332358. The collider is designed to be built in stages, with the first stage involving an "electron-positron" collider that could start operating in 2048. This stage aims to further investigate the Higgs boson and the weak force, one of the four fundamental forces of nature. A later stage, projected to come online in 2070, would involve a heavy-duty hadron collider capable of smashing protons together at an energy target of 100 trillion electronvolts, significantly surpassing the LHC's current record of 13.6 trillion electronvolts358. The FCC is expected to provide insights into the properties of matter at the smallest scale and highest energies, potentially uncovering new secrets of the universe. The project will require financial contributions from CERN's budget and member states, as well as potential contributions from non-member states such as the United States and Japan12.
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