AI decoded ancient tablets

Pro Search

3 steps completed
Answer
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been used to decode ancient tablets, particularly those inscribed with cuneiform, the oldest known form of writing. A team of archaeologists and computer scientists from Israel developed an AI-powered translation program for ancient Akkadian cuneiform, enabling tens of thousands of already digitized tablets to be translated into English instantaneously1. This is significant because there are more than half a million clay tablets inscribed with cuneiform globally, but due to the complexity of the language and the limited number of Akkadian readers, only a small fraction of these tablets have been translated12. The AI model was trained on a sample of cuneiform texts from the Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus and was taught to translate in two distinct ways. First, it learned to translate Akkadian from transliterations of the original texts. It also learned how to translate cuneiform symbols directly10. The AI can provide the raw translation quickly, while scholars can refine it with their knowledge of historic languages, cultures, and people10. The AI model can also predict missing words, fragments, and sentences from cuneiform tablets that are up to 4500 years old4. This is particularly useful as many of the tablets are damaged due to their age, with key sections of text missing4. The use of AI in this context is not intended to replace human scholarship but to speed up the process of translating the vast quantity of fragmentary texts in the Sumerian and Akkadian languages that have been recovered from archaeological sites5. The AI model can be used as part of a "human-machine collaboration," in which human scholars correct and refine the models’ output8. In addition to Akkadian cuneiform, AI has also been used to decipher other ancient languages such as Linear B and an early version of Hebrew known as Ugaritic3. AI can help tackle these unsolved language puzzles, often by making links between the languages3. AI can also be taught to read fragile and weathered fragments of writing such as eroded stone tablets of crumbling clay and identify markings that the human eye finds hard to recognize3. In conclusion, AI has been instrumental in decoding ancient tablets, particularly those inscribed with cuneiform, providing valuable insights into ancient civilizations and cultures.
Related
what is the akkadian language and why is it important
how does ai help in decoding ancient languages
what are some other ancient languages that have been decoded using ai
spurlock.illinois.edu
Ancient Mesopotamian cuneiform tablets could be decoded by an AI ...
Groundbreaking AI project translates 5,000-year-old cuneiform at ...
DeepMind AI beats humans at deciphering damaged ancient Greek ...
Ale𝕏 Zaharov-Reutt on X: "Take two tablets and call the AI doctor ...
Turkish researchers use Artificial Intelligence to read cuneatic ...
View More