Earth climate 2023

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The climate of Earth in 2023 has been characterized by record-breaking temperatures and extreme weather events, largely attributed to ongoing climate change. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 2023 has been the warmest year on record, with September 2023 being the warmest September in the 174-year NOAA record. The global surface temperature from January to September 2023 was also the warmest such period on record, with a greater than 99% probability that 2023 will rank as the warmest year on record. The European Union's Copernicus Climate Change Service also predicted that 2023 will be the hottest calendar year on record. The global surface temperature in November 2023 was 1.44°C (2.59°F) above the 20th-century average. Extreme weather events have been prevalent throughout the year. The South Asian Monsoon was wetter than average over land, and drier to the south over the ocean, intertwined with the El Niño pattern. The European drought continued, but floods in Greece and Libya were tied to a warm Mediterranean and a tropical-like circulation. The rainfall intensity of the global Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) set a record for September due to global warming and the current El Niño. The 2023 State of the Climate report highlighted that Earth’s climate is entering “uncharted territory”. The report noted the ferocity of the extreme weather events in 2023 and expressed concern about the uncharted territory that we have now entered. The report also mentioned the devastating effect on Antarctic sea ice, which has shrunk drastically over the past decade, reaching a historic low in 2023. Vox reported that 2023 may mark the first time global average temperatures have risen above a critical line, providing a glimpse into a world where humanity fails to get climate change under control. By the end of the year, some datasets may show the earth’s temperature on average was 1.5 degrees Celsius, 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit, warmer than temperatures before the Industrial Revolution. In response to these alarming trends, several treaties, conferences, and initiatives are taking place in 2023 to measure, monitor, and mitigate climate change. The 2023 UN Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC COP 28) convened from 30 November to 12 December 2023 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). In conclusion, the Earth's climate in 2023 has been characterized by record-breaking temperatures and extreme weather events, underlining the urgent need for global action to mitigate the impacts of climate change.
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