How safe is genetically modified food?

Genetically modified (GM) foods are generally considered safe for consumption. They undergo rigorous safety assessments before being sold to the public, ensuring they are as safe as non-GM foods2. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that GM foods currently available on the international market have passed safety assessments and are not likely to present risks for human health5. Furthermore, no adverse health effects have been found among consumers of GM foods since they first reached the market6. Some benefits of GM foods include increased crop yields, reduced reliance on pesticides, and improved nutritional content in certain cases14. For example, GM soybeans with healthier oils can be used to replace oils containing trans fats2. Additionally, research shows that GMO plants fed to farm animals are as safe as non-GMO animal food2. However, it is important to note that long-term health effects can be subtle and challenging to link to specific changes in the environment4. While no adverse health effects have been definitively identified, it is not possible to prove a food is entirely safe, only that no hazard has been shown to exist6. Despite this, the consensus among scientific organizations and regulatory bodies is that GM foods are as safe and healthful as their non-GM counterparts235.
What are the potential risks of consuming genetically modified food?
Are there any regulations on genetically modified food?
What are the benefits of genetically modified food?