UFO Disclosure Act 2023

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The Unidentified Anomalous Phenomena (UAP) Disclosure Act of 2023, also known as the UFO Disclosure Act 2023, is a piece of legislation passed by the U.S. Senate as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for 2024. The act was sponsored by Senators Chuck Schumer (D-NY) and Mike Rounds (R-SD), among others, and is designed to increase transparency around unidentified aerial phenomena, more commonly referred to as UFOs124. The act mandates that government agencies hand over any records on UFOs within 300 days, including any samples or technology that may have been recovered. The president is allowed to postpone disclosure of certain records if disclosure poses a national security risk, but these records must be periodically reviewed to see if it is safe to declassify them1. The legislation also establishes a process for the creation of a UAP Records Collection at the National Archives, which will centralize and preserve all U.S. government records related to unexplained aerial objects and phenomena. It sets up a 9-member oversight board, the Unidentified Anomalous Phenomena Records Review Board, to coordinate and oversee the review and disclosure of UFO records. The board members must be impartial citizens with security clearances and without any prior involvement in government UFO programs7. The act also stipulates that the government must disclose and exercise eminent domain over any "technologies of unknown origin" related to UFOs, even if held privately. The review board terminates in 2030 unless Congress extends it, and the remaining provisions of the Act terminate once all UFO records have been released. The legislation provides $20 million to fund the Act’s provisions in Fiscal Year 20247. The UAP Disclosure Act of 2023 is modeled after the President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992, which mandated the declassification of all documents regarding the Kennedy assassination124. The act was passed in response to increasing public and congressional interest in UFOs, following numerous reports of unexplained sightings by military aviators and others2310.
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