newton on christianity

Answer
Religious views of Isaac Newton
Religious views of Isaac Newton
Insightful theologian and heterodox Christian
Profession
Theologian, scientist, and author of occult studies
Birth and Death
4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727
Beliefs
Regarded as a devout, yet heterodox Christian; considered a Nontrinitarian Arian
Isaac Newton was a devout Christian who believed in the moral teachings of the New Testament and the law of Moses. He was particularly moved by stories of cruelty to animals and believed that men were not to feed on the flesh or drink the blood of living animals, but rather be merciful even to beasts. Newton's understanding of Christianity was influenced by his studies of the Bible and the writings of early Christian leaders. He rejected the doctrine of the Trinity and believed that there had been an apostasy from the true Church of Christ, anticipating a future restoration. Newton's faith was characterized by a strong emphasis on reason, hard work, and disciplined empirical research. He believed that these principles should be applied to both scientific and theological pursuits. His theological writings were governed by the same standards as his scientific and mathematical work, ensuring that they were not half-baked musings but rather the products of a brilliant and rational analyst. Newton's views on Christianity were shaped by his reading of the Bible and his analysis of early Christian texts. He believed that the true religion was reasonable but not necessarily rational. He did not seek rationalism in religion but rather a deeper understanding of God and His nature. Newton's faith was also influenced by his understanding of God as a living and intelligent being, who was eternal, ubiquitous, and constituted space and time. He believed that God was utterly unlike humanity and that our understanding of Him was limited by our own sensory and cognitive limitations. Newton's faith played a significant role in his scientific work, as he saw science as a means to understand and appreciate God's creation. He believed that science was pursued for what it could teach men about God, rather than for practical applications or technological advancements.
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humboldt brothers on christianity
Answer
Wilhelm von Humboldt
Wilhelm von Humboldt
German philosopher, linguist, and government functionary
Born
22 June 1767 in Potsdam, Prussia
Died
8 April 1835 in Tegel, Prussia at the age of 67
Education
Studied at University of Frankfurt (Oder) and University of Göttingen
The Humboldt brothers, Wilhelm and Alexander, had distinct views on Christianity. While both brothers were influenced by their Christian upbringing, their perspectives on the faith differed in significant ways.

Wilhelm von Humboldt

Wilhelm von Humboldt was a devout Christian who believed in the moral teachings of the New Testament and the law of Moses. He was particularly moved by stories of cruelty to animals and believed that men were not to feed on the flesh or drink the blood of living animals, but rather be merciful even to beasts.

Alexander von Humboldt

Alexander von Humboldt, on the other hand, had a more nuanced view of Christianity. He did not mention God in his work Cosmos, and sometimes spoke unfavorably of religious attitudes, leading some to speculate that he was a materialist philosopher or perhaps an atheist. However, Humboldt himself denied these imputations, emphasizing that he believed in the creation of the world and the existence of a controlling power. Humboldt believed that morality was linked to acts of virtue and that a belief in God was essential for moral behavior. He also believed in an afterlife, where the happiness of the individual would grow and increase. Humboldt remained distant from organized religion, particularly the Catholic Church, but respected the ideal side of religious belief and church life within human communities.

Comparison

In summary, Wilhelm von Humboldt was a devout Christian who emphasized the moral teachings of the New Testament, while Alexander von Humboldt had a more complex view of Christianity, denying materialist and atheist labels while still acknowledging the importance of a belief in God for moral behavior.
Related
what were Wilhelm von Humboldt's views on Christianity
how did Alexander von Humboldt's beliefs influence his scientific work
did the Humboldt brothers have any notable interactions with religious figures
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